Fibre – yes I know, it’s not the most exciting thing in the world but a major study has been investigating how much fibre we really need to be eating and has found there are huge health benefits when we eat more.
It reduces the chances of debilitating heart attacks and strokes as well as life-long diseases such as type-2 diabetes.
It helps keep your weight, blood pressure and cholesterol levels down.
It’s cheap and widely available in the supermarket.
It makes us feel fuller and can help digestion and prevent constipation.
The researchers for this study, based at the University of Otago, in New Zealand, and the University of Dundee say people should be eating a minimum of 25g of fibre per day. “The evidence is now overwhelming and this is a game-changer that people have to start doing something about it,” one of the researchers, Professor John Cummings, has told BBC News.
The NHS recommends we should increase our fibre intake to 30g a day as part of a healthy balanced diet. So what does 30g of fibre actually mean?
To increase your fibre intake you could:
Choose a higher-fibre breakfast cereal such as plain wholewheat biscuits (like Weetabix) or plain shredded whole grain (like Shredded wheat), or porridge as oats are also a good source of fibre.
Go for wholemeal or granary breads, or higher fibre white bread, and choose wholegrains like wholewheat pasta, bulgur wheat or brown rice.
Go for potatoes with their skins on, such as a baked potato or boiled new potatoes.
Add pulses and legumes such as beans, lentils or chickpeas to stews, soups, curries and salads.
Include plenty of vegetables with meals, either as a side dish or added to sauces, stews or curries.
Have some fresh or dried fruit, or fruit canned in natural juice for dessert. Because dried fruit is sticky, it can increase the risk of tooth decay, so it’s better if it is only eaten as part of a meal, rather than as a between-meal snack.
For snacks, try fresh fruit, vegetable sticks, rye crackers, oatcakes and unsalted nuts or seeds.
Did you know? A small handful of nuts can have up to 3g of fibre. Always choose unsalted nuts, such as plain almonds, without any added sugars.
Dr Rangan Chatterjee is a physician, author, television presenter and podcaster. He is probably best known for his TV show Doctor in the House and for being the resident doctor on BBC One’s Breakfast Show. Here I am sharing his article that was recently featured on BBC Radio 5 Live where he shares his philosophy about the ‘four pillars of health’: food, movement, sleep and relaxation.
Every part our body affects pretty much every other part. By making small, achievable changes in the four key areas of your life, you can create and maintain good health – and avoid illness. What matters most is balance across all the things you do.
The twelve hour eating window
If changing your diet and cutting foods out seems intimidating, Dr Rangan suggests an easier option: eat all your food within a 12 hour window. “Can you get more benefits if you go stricter? Yes some people might be able to! But I say if you can do 12 hours a day, tick it off, and move on to another recommendation. Try and get that balance.”
He says, “It’s a very simple change that I’ve seen be transformative for people.”
Five minute strength training
In our busy lives, it’s often hard to motivate ourselves to find time to go to the gym or go for a run, but Dr Rangan says that just five minutes of strength training twice a week can be really valuable.
“Strength training is very much undervalued in society. We talk about moving more and cardio but we neglect that our muscle mass is one of the strongest predictors of how we’re going to be when we age. Lean muscle mass is so important. Yet when we hit 30, we can lose three to five per cent of our muscle mass every ten years and that rate accelerates after the age of 50.”
Spend time in natural daylight
Good sleep is something we often overlook in our lives, but making sure we have enough high quality sleep can make our lives and health so much better. Dr Rangan has a lot of tips for getting better sleep, but one that you might not have considered is whether you’re getting enough light in the day.
Our bodies need to see different light at day and night to keep our internal clocks working. He says people should be especially aware of this in the winter months. “Many people are leaving the house in the dark, getting to work in the dark, being inside all day, and then going home in the dark.”
He suggests taking twenty minutes in your day to spend some time in natural daylight, and you may find that you wake up the next morning more refreshed.
Make time for some ‘me time’
Stress is often a part of our daily lives, and unfortunately, our technology can be partially to blame for this.
Dr Rangan says, “You get up in bed, the alarm is blaring. So you’ve gone from this nice, peaceful, restful slumber, suddenly there’s a blaring alarm clock. You’re looking at your phone, and there’s a whole ton of blue light, and alarm notifications going on…
For many of us, that continues all day and often that’s still going on just before we’re in bed at night; we’re still looking. And so we’ve just got no down time any more.”
His solution is to have at least 15 minutes a day of ‘me-time’. This should be something you do for yourself, that you don’t feel guilty about doing and that doesn’t involve your smartphone. Doing this can lower your stress levels and let you decompress without worrying about your phone.
You may initially think how can Tai Chi even begin to compare to aerobic exercise? Slow, gentle, fluid movements, versus a heart pumping energising workout? A recent study looked at this and came up with some surprising results.
It’s no secret that I love my high intensity workouts, but I also love my yoga too. As a Reiki practitioner I can really feel and appreciate the benefits in these more “gentle” forms of exercising, and I’m a great believer in combining them both. In my line of work I often come across people who have had injuries or conditions that don’t allow them to partake in vigorous exercise, but quite often workouts such as yoga, pilates or Tai Chi can be the ideal solution. A good friend of mine teaches Tai Chi here in York, and so I was particularly interested in this recent study.
Tai Chi (full name Tai Chi Chuan) combines deep breathing and relaxation with slow, flowing movements. Originally developed as a martial art in 13th-century China, the slow and graceful movements of Tai Chi are reported to be good for both body and mind. But could doing something so gentle really be as effective as a bout of more vigorous exercise? Dr Sarah Aldred, Dr Jet Veldhuijzen van Zanten and Nor Fadila Kasim from the University of Birmingham teamed up with the BBC programme “Trust Me I’m a Doctor” to find out.
They took a group of volunteers aged between 65 and 75, none of whom did regular exercise. Half of them were enrolled in a Zumba class for 12 weeks, while the other half did Tai Chi for 12 weeks.
At the beginning, middle and end of the 12 weeks, Jet, Sarah and Nor recorded the volunteers’ blood pressure and measured the flexibility of their blood vessels using ultrasound. The more flexible your blood vessels, the healthier they are.
They also measured the levels of antioxidants and other chemical markers of stress and inflammation in the volunteers’ blood. Although stress and inflammation may sound bad, they’re actually a healthy response to exercise and lie behind many of its benefits.
As might be expected, the Zumba group were all fitter after 12 weeks. Their blood vessels were more elastic and their blood pressure had dropped. Their blood results improved in line with people undertaking an exercise regime.
More surprisingly however, the results from the Tai Chi group also showed similar benefits to the more rigorous Zumba group, with improvements in blood biomarkers, blood pressure and vessel flexibility.
The answer as to why Tai Chi might have similar benefits may rest in the fact that Tai Chi might not be as gentle as it seems. Previous studies undertaken by Sarah and Jet show that people who practise Tai Chi have a similar rise in heart rate to those doing moderate intensity exercise.
Studies have shown that Tai Chi can help older people to reduce stress, improve posture, balance and general mobility, and increase muscle strength in the legs. It's also good for people suffering with fibromyalgia and Parkinson's.
Thanks to the BBC programme “Trust Me I’m a Doctor”. You can find out more here.
A growing body of research suggests that there’s a link between how much people sleep and how much they weigh. If you’re not sleeping enough, the effects could be more significant than just dark circles under your eyes. Here we look at the surprising fact of how your size and your sleep are closely linked.
The rise of obesity over the last few decades is paralleled by significant reductions in the length of time we spend asleep.
At the same time, a large number of studies have reported associations between impaired sleep and the likelihood of developing obesity or diseases such as type 2 diabetes. (Note: the act of sleeping less does not in itself make you fat – after a few disturbed nights your body won’t automatically have created fat!).
We’re not talking about a cause/effect link here. We’re talking correlation. As the number of people getting less sleep has risen, so the number of people at risk of life-threatening metabolic and cardiovascular diseases has risen too. The reason for this correlation may lie in the effects that poor or less sleep may have on your behaviour and physiology. It’s these effects that can contribute to weight gain.
Inactivity – if you’re feeling lethargic and tired, you’re less likely to exercise and more likely to take shortcuts like using the lift rather than the stairs. This decreases the amount of calories you’re burning, which has a direct effect on your weight.
Mood fluctuations – sleep is vital to regulating your mood. Less sleep could see you happy one moment and feeling low the next. Low mood can trigger emotional or ‘comfort’ eating, when our bodies crave high fat, high sugar foods. When eaten, these foods trigger the pleasure response in your brain, and we’re hardwired to crave them in times of distress.
Reduced leptin levels – less of the hormone that tells you you’re full could see you overeating without realising it.
Increased grehlin levels – more of the hormone that tells you you’re hungry will have you seeking out more food and snacks, even if you’ve consumed the right amount of food for you that day.
Recent analysis conducted by King’s College London reviewed dozens of small studies involving sleep and appetite. It showed that, although not everyone is affected in the same way, on average getting less than seven hours of sleep a night led to people eating significantly more overall.
A bad night’s sleep disrupts the two key hunger hormones, ghrelin and leptin and this combination leaves us feeling physically hungrier, causing us to eat more. Studies also suggest that when we’re exposed to food while sleep deprived, there is increased activation in areas of the brain associated with reward. This can lead to us choosing foods that are higher in sugar and fat, rather than selecting healthy options.
All of this can help to explain why, in the long term, there’s a strong connection between poor sleep, weight gain and health problems like type 2 diabetes. The simple solution is to make sure you’re getting enough sleep. For adults, 7-8 hours of sleep per night is associated with the lowest risk of incidence of cardiovascular diseases.
Should I or shouldn’t I? I fancy trying it, but not sure I want to spend money on it, supposing it doesn’t work? What actually does it do? It’s all a load of pseudoscience, waving your hands around – any effects are simply placebo! These are just some of the many comments I have heard about Reiki, so in a bid to debunk the myth and shed some light onto the “mystery” of what Reiki is and how it can help, here’s an interview conducted with my former patient David after he’d completed his first course of sessions with me.
If you want to know anything at all about this treatment, how it works and how it could help you, please do get in touch, I would be more than happy to answer any of your questions.
I felt like I had the best nights’ sleep ever! I woke up the next morning feeling so refreshed – I can’t remember the last time I felt like that – and totally changed my mind about the whole experience…
Q. What did you know about Reiki before your session? Very little and I was very sceptical of it as I could not understand how it could work.
Q. What prompted you to try a Reiki treatment then? I was very stressed at work and was not sleeping well. This was having a general “knock-on” effect with my everyday wellbeing and performance at work. I was recommended the treatment to help me relax, and I was told that this would help me. My first treatment was a taster session, so I thought “why not?”. I had nothing to lose by trying it, although I was very unsure about it. I’ve never been into any of this “holistic healing” sort of stuff before.
Q. How did your initial taster session go? And what were your feelings about the treatment afterwards? OK, Renata was very welcoming to me and did her best to calm me and make me feel at ease. In addition to feeling a little uneasy, I had a pounding headache and tired eyes, so probably wasn’t in the best frame of mind! However the treatment room was very nice and relaxing, and Renata explained what was about to happen and how she would proceed with the treatment.
I lay back on the couch, closed my eyes and tried to relax, not really sure what to expect. I was surprised that I could feel a definite warmth radiating from Renata’s hands over my head and eyes. Other than feeling more relaxed, I was also pleasantly pleased that my headache seemed to have lifted and my eyes didn’t feel so tired. But I didn’t really feel anything else during the session and I did wonder to myself whether it was worthwhile pursuing any more treatments.
At the end of the session, Renata offered me a drink and biscuit, we chatted a little while before I left for home. Overall at this point I would say I was still feeling somewhat sceptical about the whole process and thinking I would probably not go back for further treatments.
Q. So what changed your mind and made you decide to try further Reiki sessions? That night having gone to bed pretty soon after returning from the first Reiki session, I felt like I had the best nights’ sleep ever! I woke up the next morning feeling so refreshed – I can’t remember the last time I felt like that – and totally changed my mind about the whole experience! I felt that it had completely relaxed and de-stressed me for the moment. I had a much clearer head and felt a lot calmer about things in general. I confess I was really surprised to feel this way too, I hadn’t expected to have a complete change of mind like this!
So I had a change of heart and decided to start to seeing Renata on a regular basis for a course of treatments. It was interesting because with each session the reaction seemed to be stronger, more pronounced – I felt Renata’s energy more and more around my whole body as time went on. My stress levels dropped considerably and I was sleeping so much better, in turn this had a direct effect on my overall wellbeing and an improved sense of positivity.
Today, even though I still can’t understand how it could possibly work. I just know that it does for me, and I would highly recommend her treatments.
My thanks to David for sharing his experience. I would love to help you discover how Reiki can change your life too.
I’ve been a Reiki practitioner for the past few years now, and I’m often asked how this holistic process works and what it actually is. Understandably, sometimes people can be a little apprehensive about embarking on a Reiki treatment and wonder what they are getting themselves into! Well, here I’m happy to put your mind at rest! It’s very straightforward and simple and is usually a very relaxing and calming process – no special equipment, oils or physical manipulation is required, and it’s completely non-invasive. So just relax and enjoy …
Firstly, what is it?
Reiki is a deep relaxation technique that reduces stress and promotes healing. It re-activates the body’s natural energy system, bringing you back into balance on every level – physically, emotionally, mentally and spiritually – putting your body in the best position to help heal itself.
Reiki is the healing energy, with the capacity to change lives in the most positive way. It is a gentle and effective system of healing which activates the body’s own natural ability to heal itself. It is administered by “laying on hands” and is based on the idea that an unseen “life force energy” flows through us and is what causes us to be alive. If one’s “life force energy” is low, then we are more likely to become ill, experience stress or anxiety – if it is high, we are more capable of being happy and healthy.
Reiki is a simple, natural and safe method of holistic healing and self-improvement that everyone can use. It is effective in helping many conditions, and always creates a beneficial effect. It can also work in conjunction with all other medical or therapeutic techniques to relieve side effects and help promote recovery.
The work Reiki is from the Japanese – combining rei “soul, spirit” and ki “vital energy”.
So how does it work?
The ability to use Reiki is not taught in the usual sense, but is transferred to the student by the Reiki Master during an “attunement”. This transferal of the energy then allows the student to tap into an unlimited supply of “life force energy” to improve one’s health and enhance the quality of life. Once attuned, students are aligned to the Reiki energy and can begin to channel it through their hands.
As students progress through different levels of learning, they will receive several additional attunements from their Reiki Master. Each student will have a different experience when receiving an attunement, usually a positive feeling of total peace and calm.
The treatment itself is quite straightforward. You lie on the treatment bed, fully clothed. I will ask you to remove your footwear, but that is all. You can cover yourself with the blanket if you prefer. Now close your eyes and try to relax. I will begin the treatment by laying my hands on you in a non-invasive manner, usually beginning at the head, then working down to the shoulders, hands, legs, ankles and feet.
What will it feel like and how do I know it’s working?
You may feel warmth, or heat, or tingling from my hands. Sometimes a buzzing sensation. Other sensations may include seeing coloured lights or feeling as if you are floating. Sometimes people have an “emotional release” for a little while during the treatment. I have also had clients drop off during a treatment too – it’s so relaxing! Even my most sceptical clients have experienced warmth and heat and other sensations from my hands. After the session you will usually feel very relaxed and calm. People often say they sleep better that night too. It all depends on the person really.
The Reiki tradition was founded by Mikao Usui in the early 20th century and evolved as a result of his research, experience and dedication.
Experience peace of mind and inner calm
Help to relieve and cope with stress and anxiety
Bring a sense of balance, clarity and focus
Increase your energy levels
Enhance other treatments and medications
Quicken the healing process
Let go of emotional baggage
A Reiki treatment is a process that anyone can enjoy in the normal course of their life and it can be used alongside other conventional or complementary treatments. The effects of the treatment tend to build up and gain momentum over time, usually around 4 to 6 weekly interval sessions are enough to produce a change, with an additional maintenance top-up every 4 weeks if you would like a long-term effect.
Reiki can help us cope with life by encouraging relaxation and bringing balance to both mind and emotions.
If you’d like to find out more, or discuss the Reiki process with me in more detail, please do get in touch, I’d love to help if I can!
This is my ultimate go-to nutritional guide to superfoods, telling you all you need to know to power up your plate! Keeping active and eating a super food packed balanced diet maximises your chances of achieving a healthy body. Try to build a varied diet from wholesome nutritious foods from each of these five key groups:
1. Fruit and vegetables
Try and eat at least three portions of vegetables and two portions of fruit each day. Research shows that people who eat a diet based on plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables tend to have a lower incidence of age related diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, cancer, dementia and cataracts. Fruit and vegetables contain a powerful arsenal of disease-fighting compounds including vitamins, minerals, fibre and phytochemicals. No single fruit or vegetable contains all the nutrients you need so it’s important to include a wide variety.
Nitrates in beetroot improve the blood flow to your brain
Vitamins and phytochemicals in raspberries help protect your eyes
These come in many different guises and many of the carbohydrates we choose have been stripped of much of their fibre and nutrients. Refining wheat to produce white flour removes over half of the B vitamins, 90% of the vitamin E and almost all the fibre content. Choose unrefined carbohydrates such as wholegrains, beans and pulses, and aim to eat three portions of these every day.
A type of fibre found in barley called beta-glucan helps to reduce “bad” cholesterol (LDL – low density lipoprotein).
3. Calcium-rich foods
Calcium is essential for building strong bones and teeth and is particularly important whilst bones are still growing. Aim for at least two portions of calcium each day – milk, yoghurt and dairy products are a good source of calcium as well as providing additional nutrients such as vitamins A and B2.
If you don’t eat dairy foods then try almonds, fortified soya or nut milk, sesame seeds, kale, broccoli and bak choy.
4. Healthy proteins
Protein should ideally provide 15-20% of your calorie intake each day. Protein is an essential nutrient, responsible for multiple functions in your body, including building tissue, cells and muscle, as well as making hormones and anti-bodies. Choose healthier proteins such as oily fish, beans, pulses, nuts and seeds – in addition to the protein, they also contain other health promoting nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.
Oily fish such as salmon, mackerel, trout and sardines are rich in omega-3 and help power your brain
5. Healthy fats
Fat is essential for your health, but most of us consume far too much of it, and the wrong sort. Eat no more than 30% of your calories each day from fat, including no more than 11% from saturated fat. Wherever possible, avoid saturated fats and trans-fats as these increase levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol in your blood. Instead opt for unsaturated fats such as olive oil and foods such as avocados, nuts, seeds and oily fish.
A note about Reference Intakes (RI)
Nutritional needs vary depending on sex, size, age and activity levels so use this chart as a general guide only. The chart shows the Reference Intakes (RI) or daily amounts recommended for an average, moderately active adult to achieve a healthy, balanced diet for maintaining rather than losing or gaining weight.
The RIs for fat, saturates, sugars and salt are all maximum amounts, while those for carbs and protein are figures you should aim to meet each day. There is no RI for fibre, although health experts suggest we have 30g a day.
I first met Renata in a metafit session at Shipton back in 2015, and we hit it off immediately. I was interested to hear that she was going to become a metafit coach and had recently qualified as a Reiki practitioner, and when she later offered me a Reiki taster session, I jumped at the chance to give it a go.
I had an idea of what Reiki was, using energy to “heal” through the hands, and confess I was sceptical at first, but decided to approach it with an open mind. As for the actual treatment, I didn’t know what to expect from the session and this added to the overall sense of anticipation. The Treatment Room at the Raylor Centre was a peaceful haven of purple and relaxing zen-like music filled the room. It was a Sunday afternoon and very quiet and after completing a simple questionnaire, we got down to business!
All I had to remove was my shoes. The treatment couch was surprisingly comfortable and the peace and quiet and tranquil music made it easy to relax. Using a combination of “laying on hands” and hovering her hands over me, Renata worked her way around me, starting at the head and working downwards towards the feet. Almost immediately I became aware of a buzzing sensation around my face, and there seemed to be a lot of heat coming from Renata’s hands. As she moved around, I could feel the heat from her hands and the buzzing sensation around my face faded. In certain areas as she moved around I was aware of a different prickly sensation and in other areas there was no sensation at all, or just warmth from her hands.
Specifically whilst she was working around my head, I also experienced a visual kaleidoscope of moving patterns and colours, predominantly deep blue and white. I hadn’t expected to feel or see anything like this, so was surprised by the different sensations I experienced.
The session lasted just over half an hour, and I felt very relaxed and chilled at the end of it. A cup of chamomile tea at the end of the session was a very nice finishing touch and much appreciated.
I’ve since had several regular Reiki sessions with Renata, and would thoroughly recommend her. She so obviously cares about her clients and wants to do her best for you. I find that I’m sleeping well and feel I can cope much better with stress – the sessions are so relaxing it’s a pleasure to endure!
Reiki is a deep relaxation technique that can help to reduce stress and promote healing, bringing you feelings of peace and wellbeing.
Reiki is Japanese for “universal life energy” and describes a system of natural healing. The Reiki tradition was founded by Mikao Usuiin the early 20th century and evolved as a result of his research, experience and dedication. Reiki is a deep relaxation technique that reduces stress and promotes healing. It re-activates the body’s natural energy system, bringing you back into balance on every level – physically, emotionally, mentally and spiritually – putting your body in the best position to help heal itself.
Reiki can help you to:
Experience peace of mind and inner calm
Help to relieve and cope with stress and anxiety
Bring a sense of balance, clarity and focus
Increase your energy levels
Enhance other treatments and medications
Quicken the healing process
Let go of emotional baggage
A Reiki treatment is a process that anyone can enjoy in the normal course of their life and it can be used alongside other conventional or complementary treatments. The effects of the treatment tend to build up and gain momentum over time; usually around 4 to 6 weekly interval sessions are enough to produce a change, with an additional maintenance top-up every 4 weeks if you would like a long-term effect.
HOW DOES THE TREATMENT WORK?
Understandably, sometimes people can be a little apprehensive about embarking on a Reiki treatment and wonder what they are getting themselves into! Well I’m happy to put your mind at rest! It’s very straightforward and simple and is usually a very relaxing and calming process – no special equipment, oils or physical manipulation is required, and it’s completely non-invasive. So just relax and enjoy …
The Welcome Process I will welcome you to the treatment room, ask you to fill out a simple form and have a quick discussion with you about your aims and objectives. The treatment room is darkened, soothing gentle music is played and some candles are lit. It looks like an oasis of calm and relaxation!
The Treatment You lie on the treatment bed, fully clothed. I will ask you to remove your footwear, but that is all. You can cover yourself if you prefer. Now close your eyes and try to relax. I will begin the treatment by laying my hands on you in a non-invasive manner, usually the head, shoulders, hands, legs/ankles/feet.
The Experience You may feel warmth, or heat, or tingling from my hands. Other sensations may include seeing coloured lights or feeling as if you are floating. Sometimes people have an “emotional release” for a little while during the treatment. I have also had clients drop off during a treatment too – it’s so relaxing!
COMMENTS FROM MY CUSTOMERS
I asked a selection of my clients to provide some testimonials and feedback about their experiences with me, which you can read below. All testimonials are featured exactly as they were written. Further feedback, testimonials and reviews can also be found on my Facebook page and website.
Renata is an extremely professional young lady with a zest for life. Her style of coaching is fun and constructive. She knows her subject and is a great inspiration. I have worked with Renata for five years and feel lucky to be part of her life. Sean Doughty, York
I am completely converted to Reiki! After a day like yesterday, I am stunned about how well I slept and how I feel rested and calm. Thank you so much. Susana Maia, York
Renata is a joy to work with and so obviously cares about her clients. I confess I was sceptical about Reiki at first, but now after several sessions something definitely seems to be happening! Despite major stresses in my life at the moment I’m certainly sleeping much better – it’s very relaxing and calming and a great way to chill out in the midst of a chaotic life. Michelle M, York